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Sexual exploitation involves engaging in sexual activity with a young person who is under the age of consent. The age of consent varies across provinces and territories in Canada but typically ranges from 16 to 18 years old. Sexual exploitation is covered under Section 153 of the Criminal Code.
Key elements of the offence of sexual exploitation include:
Age of Consent: The victim is a young person who is under the age of consent in their jurisdiction.
Position of Trust or Authority: The accused person is in a position of trust, authority, or dependency in relation to the young person. This can include roles such as a teacher, coach, caregiver, or family member.
Sexual Activity: The accused person engages in sexual activity with the young person or encourages the young person to engage in sexual activity for a sexual purpose.
Exploitative Relationship: The relationship between the accused person and the young person is exploitative, and the sexual activity is considered to be exploitative of the young person.
Sexual exploitation is considered a serious criminal offence in Canada due to the need to protect young individuals from potential abuse of power and manipulation. Penalties for sexual exploitation convictions can vary depending on factors such as the age of the victim, the specific circumstances of the case, and the level of trust or authority held by the accused. Convictions for sexual exploitation can result in imprisonment, probation, registration as a sex offender, and other legal consequences.